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9. Sept. Die Geschichte von Macao beginnt mit chinesischen Fischern. Hinweis: Wählen Sie vor der Suche nach dem Land eine Region aus. Macao Daily Weather. Folgen Sie uns auf. Anmeldung. Portugal Wetter. 15/10/ Heute ist mein letzter ganzer Tag in Hong Kong. Armelle und ich wollen die gute Gelegenheit nutzen und gemeinsam einen Ausflug nach Macao .

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Das passt ganz gut, dann kann ich meinen letzten Abend in Hong Kong alleine gestalten. So wird auch Macau am Letztes Jahr war ich in Goa und liebte es, auch dank dem portugiesischen Einflusses, der noch gut sichtbar ist. Wir hüten deine Daten wie unsere Reisepässe! Im Mai eröffnete das mit einer goldenen Fassade versehene Sands Macau , ein Kasino seit mit Hotel , dessen Baukosten sich in weniger als einem Jahr amortisierten. Ein prächtiger Kolonialbau steht neben dem nächsten. Hier ist mediterranes Flair pur. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.

Other chief economic activities in Macau are export-geared textile and garment manufacturing, banking and other financial services. Macau is a founding member of the WTO and has maintained sound economic and trade relations with more than countries and regions, with European Union and Portuguese-speaking countries in particular; Macau is also a member of the IMF.

After the Handover , China eased travel restrictions and visits from the mainland rose rapidly. In a World Tourism Organization report of international tourism for , Macau ranked 21st in the number of tourists and 24th in terms of tourism receipts.

The monopoly ended in and several casino owners from Las Vegas attempted to enter the market. Reasons for this fall of revenue are related to the slowdown that the Chinese economy is having and a corruption crackdown by Chinese officials which has constrained lavish spending.

Today, there are 16 casinos operated by the STDM, and they are still crucial in the casino industry in Macau, but in , the opening of the Sands Macao ushered in the new era.

The number of performances performed in Macau has also shown an increasing trend since the early s, including the show House of Dancing Water , [92] concerts, industry trade shows and international art crossovers.

Macau is an offshore financial centre , a tax haven , and a free port with no foreign exchange control regimes. As prescribed by the Macau Basic Law , the government follows the principle of keeping expenditure within the limits of revenues in drawing up its budget, and strives to achieve a fiscal balance , avoid deficits and keep the budget commensurate with the growth rate of its gross domestic product.

In , the pataca was introduced in both Macau and Portuguese Timor as a unit of account for the Mexican dollar and the other silver dollar coins in circulation.

However, the pataca was not the official currency when it was first enacted. From to , fractional coins of the pataca were minted for issue in Portuguese Timor; and, in , similar issues were minted for Macau including an actual pataca coin for the first time.

Macau is the most densely populated region in the world, [] with a population density of 21, The growth of population in Macau mainly relies on immigrants from mainland China and the influx of overseas workers since its birth rate is one of the lowest in the world.

By the Macau government was publishing English language documents, and beginning in the Macau Government Information Bureau GCS has been releasing several portions of its policy address in the English language.

Andrew Moody, an associate professor of the University of Macau , argued in his essay "Macau English: Since Macau has an economy driven by tourism, Some also claim that the problem of illegal labour is severe.

It is higher than those of neighbouring regions, such as mainland China 0. Macau residents are endowed with considerable religious tolerance and freedom.

Most Chinese in Macau are profoundly influenced by their own tradition and culture. While most are not religiously affiliated, many take part in Chinese folk religion Taoism and Confucianism.

A fifteen-year free education is currently being offered to residents, that includes a three-year kindergarten, followed by a six-year primary education and a six-year secondary education.

The literacy rate of the territory is Macau does not have its own region-wide education system; non-tertiary schools follow either the British, the Chinese, Portuguese, or the Canadian education system.

There are currently 10 tertiary educational institutions in the region, four of them being public. According to the by-census, among the resident population aged 14 and above, only As prescribed by the Macau Basic Law Chapter VI Article , the Government of Macau shall, on its own, formulate policies on education, including policies regarding the educational system and its administration, the language of instruction, the allocation of funds, the examination system, the recognition of educational qualifications, and the system of academic awards so as to promote educational development.

The government shall also in accordance with law, gradually institute a compulsory education system. Community organizations and individuals may, in accordance with law, run educational undertakings of various kinds.

Macau is served by one major public hospital, the Hospital Conde S. In addition to hospitals, Macau also has numerous health centres providing free basic medical care to residents.

Consultation in traditional Chinese medicine is also available. None of the Macau hospitals are independently assessed through international healthcare accreditation.

There are no western-style medical schools in Macau, and thus all aspiring physicians in Macau have to obtain their education and qualification elsewhere.

The Macau Corps of Firefighters Portuguese: The Macau Red Cross also operates ambulances Toyota HiAce vans for emergency and non-emergencies to local hospitals with volunteer staff.

The organization has a total of uniformed firefighters and paramedics serving from 7 stations in Macau. The Health Bureau in Macau is mainly responsible for coordinating the activities between the public and private organizations in the area of public health , and assure the health of citizens through specialized and primary health care services, as well as disease prevention and health promotion.

It also handles the organization of care and prevention of diseases affecting the population, sets guidelines for hospitals and private healthcare providers, and issues licences.

As of [update] Macau healthcare authorities send patients to Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong in instances where the local Macau hospitals are not equipped to deal with their scenarios, and many Macau residents intentionally seek healthcare in Hong Kong because they place more trust in Hong Kong doctors than in Mainland-trained doctors operating in Macau.

In Macau, traffic drives on the left , unlike in either mainland China or Portugal, but like neighbouring Hong Kong.

Buses and taxis are the major modes of public transport in Macau. Macau has two public bus operators: Transmac and Transportes Coletivos de Macau, which operate routes covering most of the city, making it the best public transport for traveling inside Macau and its islands.

Free Casino Shuttle Buses are everywhere in Macau. Due to tourism being the main economic industry in Macau a majority of the larger hotels provide free round trip shuttle bus services which cover the major tourist sites including the airport, Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, Taipa Temporary Ferry Terminal and other sites.

Some larger hotels such as Venetian Hotel and Holiday Inn even provide a free shuttle between them. The frequency for each route is usually 15 minutes.

The taxi system is noted for having a notoriously poor reputation among tourists and even locals. Common complaints include "constant overcharging, refusal of passengers when the destination or passenger type does not suit the driver, circuitous routes and even violent behaviour".

It is planned to open in Macau has one active international airport, known as Macau International Airport located at the eastern end of Taipa and neighbouring waters.

The airport used to serve as one of the main transit hubs for passengers travelling between mainland China and Taiwan , but now with the introduction of direct flights between those two regions, passenger traffic in this regard has lessened.

In , the airport handled about 5 million passengers. The mixing of the Chinese and Portuguese cultures and religious traditions for more than four centuries has left Macau with an inimitable collection of holidays, festivals and events.

The biggest event of the year is the Macau Grand Prix in November, [] when the main streets in Macau Peninsula are converted to a racetrack bearing similarities with the Monaco Grand Prix.

The Lunar Chinese New Year is the most important traditional festival and celebration normally takes place in late January or early February.

All events and festivities of the year end with Winter Solstice in December. Macau preserves many historical properties in the urban area.

Local cooking in Macau consists of a blend of Cantonese and Portuguese cuisines. Many unique dishes resulted from the spice blends that the wives of Portuguese sailors used in an attempt to replicate European dishes.

Pork chop bun , ginger milk and Portuguese-style egg tart are also very popular in Macau. In general, football soccer has the greatest popularity in Macau, which has a representative international side, the Macau national football team.

Another common sport is rink hockey , which is often practised by the Portuguese. Macau also has a basketball team , which qualified for the Asian Basketball Championship twice.

The automobile racing event Macau Grand Prix is arguably the most important international sporting event in Macau, mainly with Formula 3 , motorcycle road racing and touring car races.

The racecourse has a 15,seat grandstand. Macau is twinned with: Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Special Administrative Region of China. For other uses of "Macau" or "Macao", see Macau disambiguation.

Show map of China. Cantonese a Portuguese b. Traditional Chinese b Portuguese orthography English orthography de facto.

Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. Legal system of Macau. Foreign relations of Macau.

View of the old city in Macau with tenement housing in the foreground. Economy of Macau and Gambling in Macau.

Sands Casino , Macau. Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge, Macau. Demographics of Macau and Macau people. List of hospitals in Macau.

Macau Security Force and Macao Garrison. Public Security Police Force of Macau. Corpo de Bombeiros de Macau. Commission Against Corruption Macau.

Clockwise from top right: Na Tcha Temple , Macau. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Macau portal China portal Asia portal Geography portal.

Retrieved 15 September — via Google Books. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 1 January Statistics and Census Service.

Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 3 January Archived from the original on 12 September The New York Times.

Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 30 July Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 3 May Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 12 March Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 8 September An examination of early Portuguese and Western archival materials.

Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 2 January Dictionary of dates, and universal reference. China was given to the Portuguese as a commercial station in in return for their assistance against pirates , subject to an annual tribute, which was remitted in Here Camoens composed part of the "Lusiad.

The Chinese were obliged to restrict the commerce of Portugal to the port of Macau, in A partnership was then formed with some Chinese dealers in Canton, who were to furnish exports and take delivery of imports at Macau.

This scheme did not suit the Chinese; they were dissatisfied with their partners, and speedily dissolved the connection.

The Survival of Empire: Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas.

The Portuguese population of Macau was never very large. Macau History and Society illustrated ed. Hong Kong University Press.

This is a time when there were most African slaves, about In comparison there were about to during the later Portuguese rule in Macau.

Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 6 January Slavery and South Asian history illustrated ed.

He concluded; "The Portuguese beat us off from Macau with their slaves. A miscellaneous assemblage of Portuguese soldiers, citizens, African slaves, friars, and Jesuits managed to withstand the attack.

Volume 1 of African diaspora research. Michigan State University Press. Jan Coen, who had been sent to establish a Dutch base on the China coast, wrote about the slaves who served the Portuguese so faithfully: A year later, Captain Coen was still harping on the same theme: Fidalgos in the Far East — 2nd, illustrated, reprint ed.

A year later he was still harping on the same theme. The Defences of Macau: Sovereignty at the Edge: Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 18 January Archived from the original on 24 October Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 20 March Archived from the original on 5 January Archived from the original on 8 November Retrieved 5 September Archived from the original on 21 May The Legislative Assembly of Macau.

Archived from the original on 3 March Archived from the original on 9 January Archived from the original on 22 May Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 18 September Stop the National Security Bill now".

Archived from the original on 30 April Archived from the original on 8 May Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 8 September Retrieved 27 October Archived from the original on 12 January Archived from the original on 19 May Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 21 December Nexus Business Media Limited.

Archived from the original on 16 December Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau. Archived from the original on 10 January Retrieved 15 February Extreme Value of some meteorological elements ".

Retrieved 29 March Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 27 December Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 15 November Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 23 December Archived PDF from the original on 26 July Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 27 September Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 25 October The news that the Portuguese House of Braganza had regained control of the Crown from the Spanish Habsburgs took two years to reach Macau, arriving in In return, the King rewarded Macau with the addition of the words "There is none more Loyal" to its existing title.

In , the privileged position of the Portuguese in trade with China ended, following a decision by the emperor of China to allow trade with all foreign countries.

British trading dominance in the s was unsuccessfully challenged by a combined French and Spanish naval squadron at the Macau Incident of 27 January The Templo de Kun Iam was the site where, on 3 July , the treaty of Wangxia named after the village of Mong Ha where the temple was located was signed by representatives of the United States and China.

This marked the official beginning of Sino-US relations. In , there was a revolt of the boatmen that was put down. Ferreira do Amaral during the so-called Baishaling Incident.

Portugal gained control of the island of Wanzai Lapa by the Portuguese and now as Wanzaizhen , to the northwest of Macau and which now is under the jurisdiction of Zhuhai Xiangzhou District , in but relinquished it in Control over Taipa and Coloane , two islands south of Macau, was obtained between and Macau and East Timor were again combined as an overseas province of Portugal under control of Goa in Taipa and Coloane were also ceded to Portugal, but the border with the mainland was not delimited.

In , the Hospital Kiang Wu was founded as a traditional Chinese medical hospital. It was in that doctor Sun Yat-sen brought Western medicine services to the hospital.

From to about the early s, Macau was the infamous transit port of a trade of coolies or slave labourers from southern China.

Most of them were kidnapped from the Guangdong province and were shipped off in packed vessels to Cuba , Peru, or other South American ports to work on plantations or in mines.

Many died on the way there due to malnutrition, disease, or other mistreatment. The Dea del Mar which had set sail to Callao from Macau in with Chinese on board, arrived in Tahiti with only of them still alive.

Macau became a refugee center during WWII causing its population to climb from about thousand to about thousand people within a few years.

Unlike in the case of Portuguese Timor , which was occupied by the Japanese in along with Dutch Timor, the Japanese respected Portuguese neutrality in Macau, but only up to a point.

The next month they demanded the installation of Japanese "advisors" under the alternative of military occupation. The result was that a virtual Japanese protectorate was created over Macau.

Japanese domination ended in August When it was discovered that neutral Macau was planning to sell aviation fuel to Japan, aircraft from the USS Enterprise bombed and strafed the hangar of the Naval Aviation Centre on 16 January to destroy the fuel.

American air raids on targets in Macau were also made on 25 February and 11 June When the Chinese communists came to power in , they declared the Protocol of Lisbon to be invalid as an " unequal treaty " imposed by foreigners on China.

However, Beijing was not ready to settle the treaty question, leaving the maintenance of "the status quo" until a more appropriate time.

Beijing took a similar position on treaties relating to the Hong Kong territories of the United Kingdom. In , the Salazar regime declared Macau, as well as other Portuguese colonies, an " Overseas Province " of Portugal.

In , the Macau Grand Prix was established, first as a treasure hunt throughout the city, and in later years as a formal car racing event.

Riots broke out in during communist Cultural Revolution, when local Chinese and the Macau authority clashed, the most serious one being the so-called incident.

This was sparked by the overreaction of some Portuguese officials to what was a regular minor dispute concerning building permits.

The riots caused 8 deaths and the end was a total climbdown by the Portuguese Government. The latter committed the Government to compensate local Chinese community leaders with as much as 2 million Macau Patacas and to prohibit all Kuomintang activities in Macau.

This move ended the conflict, and relations between the government and the leftist organisations remained largely peaceful.

This success in Macau encouraged leftists in Hong Kong to "do the same", leading to riots by leftists in Hong Kong in A Portuguese proposal to return the province to China was declined by China.

Also in , the Church of our Lady of Sorrows on Coloane opened up. In , following the anti-colonialist Carnation Revolution , Portugal relinquished all claims over Macau and proposed to return Macau back to Chinese sovereignty.

In , the Bridge of Friendship was completed, the second bridge connecting Macau and Taipa. In November , the Macau International Airport was inaugurated.

In , the Macau Stadium was completed in Taipa. Melo Egidio became the first governor of Macau to pay an official visit to Beijing.

The two sides exchanged instruments of ratification on 15 January and the Joint Declaration entered into force. During the transitional period between the date of the entry into force of the Joint Declaration and 19 December the Portuguese government was responsible for the administration of Macau.

Thus the history of European colonisation of Asia ended. As one of the measures to develop the gambling industry, the Cotai strip was completed after the handover to China with construction of the hotel and casino industry starting in In , the first of many resorts opened, The Venetian Macao.

Also in , Macau government started a wave of social housing construction lasting until at least , constructing over apartment units in the process.

Similar to other economies in the world, the financial crisis of —08 hit Macau leading to a stall in construction of major construction works Sands Cotai Central [30] and a spike in unemployment.

With residential and development space being sparse, Macau government officially announced on 27 June that the University of Macau will build its new campus on Hengqin island, in a stretch directly facing the Cotai area, south of the current border post.

Along with this development, several other residential and business development projects on Hengqin are in the planning. In to further major construction on several planned mega-resorts on the Cotai Strip commenced.

Starting in June , gambling revenues declined for the second half of the year on a month-to-month basis compared with causing the Macau Daily Times to announce that the "Decade of gambling expansion end[ed]".

This lead the Macau government to attempt to reconstruct the economy, to depend less on gambling revenues and focus on building world-class non-gambling tourism and leisure centers, as well as developing itself as a platform for economic and trade cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking countries.

Typhoon Hato hit southern China in August causing widespread damage to Macau, never before experienced — major flooding and property damages, with citywide power and water outage lasting for at least 24 hours after the passage of the storm.

Overall, 10 deaths and at least injuries were reported. This caused widespread anger against the Macau government, accused of being unprepared for the typhoon as were as the delay of raising the no.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of China Macau Portal. Macau people Macanese people. Music and performing arts. Music Films Cantonese opera.

Flag Coat of arms. Europeans in Medieval China. Transfer of sovereignty over Macau. Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 24 May Dictionary of dates, and universal reference.

Retrieved 4 November China was given to the Portuguese as a commercial station in in return for their assistance against pirates , subject to an annual tribute, which was remitted in Here Camoens composed part of the " Lusiad.

Fidalgos in the Far East, — Retrieved 1 March Some of these wants and strays found themselves in queer company and places in the course of their enforced sojourn in the Portuguese colonial empire.

Singing of the source: University of Hawaii Press. Wu Li, like Bocarro, noted the presence in Macao both of black slaves and of non-Han Chinese such as the Tanka boat people, and in the third poem of his sequence he combines references to these two groups: Yellow sand, whitewashed houses: The second half of the poem unfolds a scene of Tanka boat people bringing in fish to supply the needs of fasting Christians.

The residents Wu Li strives to reassure in the third line of this poem consisted — at least in when Antonio Bocarro, Chronicler-in-Chief of the State of India, wrote his detailed account of Macao without actually having visited there — of some Portuguese families with "on the average about six slaves capable of bearing arms, amongst whom the majority and the best are negroes and such like," as well as a like number of "native families, including Chinese Christians Macau, the Imaginary City: Culture and Society, to the Present.

Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved January 19, Boxer , Fidalgos in the Far East, — Martinus Nijhoff The Hague , Indrani Chatterjee, Richard Maxwell Eaton, ed.

Slavery and South Asian history illustrated ed. Portuguese,"he concluded;"The Portuguese beat us off from Macao with their slaves. Archived from the original on 24 December

Es schüttet wie sky hell machen 2019 Eimern und habe keine Ahnung, wo das Essen gut ist. Bevor die Hügel für Feuer- und Bauholz gerodet wurden, bestand die ursprüngliche Vegetation aus immergrünem tropischen Regenwald. Wir verwenden deine E-Mail nur, um dir die neuesten Infos rund um Home is where your Bag is und unsere besten Reisetipps zu schicken. Die portugiesischen Händler wurden als Mittelsmänner reich. So wird kein profilbild weiblich Macau am Letztes Jahr war ich in Goa und liebte hitmyass, auch dank dem portugiesischen Einflusses, der noch gut sichtbar ist.

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In anderen Projekten Commons Wikivoyage. In anderen Projekten Commons. Mir fällt sofort positiv die Ruhe und Entspanntheit auf. Ihre Kartenakualisierung wurde angehalten. Im Mai eröffnete das mit einer goldenen Fassade versehene Sands Macau , ein Kasino seit mit Hotel , dessen Baukosten sich in weniger als einem Jahr amortisierten. Ich freue mich so unfassbar, dass ich erstmal eine Runde weinen muss. Die eigenständigen Verwaltungen der Städte und Gemeindebezirke wurden am

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Mir fällt sofort positiv die Ruhe und Entspanntheit auf. Vista da Capela Guest House. Klicke hier für eine Anleitung die dir zeigt, wie du JavaScript in deinem Browser aktivierst. Die Nordinsel ist echt nett und zeigt das man in Macao noch portugiesische Kultur finden kann. Die Mischung aus westlicher und fernöstlicher Kultur ist wirklich einzigartig. Nein, auch wenn unsere Reisekasse eine Aufbesserung sehr gut gebrauchen könnte, interessiert uns die einzigartige Fusion des kolonialen Erbes Portugals mit dem modernen China. Durch ein hübsches Tor betreten wir diese kleine grüne Oase und flanieren zwischen Lotusteichen und Bambushainen. Sind Sie ein Tourismusverband in Macao? Ich muss direkt wieder lachen. Some of these wants and strays found themselves in queer company and places in the course of their enforced sojourn in the Portuguese colonial empire. Macau remained under Portuguese control untilwhen it was returned to China. Portuguese Ceylon Sri Lanka. Hong Kong University Press. East Asia and Oceania 16th century — Archived from the original on 24 December Macau prospered as a port, but it was the target of repeated failed attempts [29] [ full citation needed ] by the Dutch to gain possession of it across multiple Dutch raids occurring in copytrader erfahrung forum early s. 125 gbp in euro and performing arts Music Films Cantonese opera. History of China Macau Portal. Archived from the original on 24 October Archived from the original bundesliga resultate von heute 6 September Retrieved 6 January Archived from the original on 10 November Casino of ra shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings. In comparison there were about to spilen com de the later Portuguese rule in Macau.

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The Macau native people were Tanka boat people. Macau did not develop as a major settlement until the Portuguese arrived in the 16th century.

In , the Portuguese established a permanent settlement in Macau , paying an annual rent of taels By , Portugal commanded western trade with India , Japan , and China.

In the Chinese restricted Portuguese commerce in China to the port of Macau. During the 17th century, some 5, slaves lived in Macau, in addition to 2, Portuguese and 20, Chinese.

As more Portuguese settled in Macau to engage in trade, they made demands for self-administration; but this was not achieved until the s.

Macau prospered as a port, but it was the target of repeated failed attempts [29] [ full citation needed ] by the Dutch to gain possession of it across multiple Dutch raids occurring in the early s.

The raids on Macau culminated in the Battle of Macau on 24 June , in which the Portuguese handily repelled the attack.

While Dutch raids on Portuguese colonies continued in the coming years, this definitive defeat discouraged any future Dutch attempts to conquer the settlement.

The majority of the defenders were African slaves, with only a few Portuguese soldiers and priests. The grieving Dutch Governor Jan Pz. Coen said after the defeat that "The slaves of the Portuguese at Macao served them so well and faithfully, that it was they who defeated and drove away our people there last year", and "Our people saw very few Portuguese" during the battle.

Following the First Opium War —42 , Portugal occupied the empty islands of Taipa and Coloane in and respectively. On 1 December , the Qing and Portuguese governments signed the Sino-Portuguese Treaty of Peking , under which China ceded the right of "perpetual occupation and government of Macao by Portugal" in compliance with the statements of the Protocol of Lisbon.

In , after the Qing dynasty had been overthrown following the Xinhai Revolution , the Kuomintang KMT government officially notified Portugal that it would abrogate the Treaty of Amity and Commerce ; [38] the two powers signed a new Sino-Portuguese Friendship and Trade Treaty in place of the abrogated treaty.

Changing only a few provisions concerning tariff principles and matters relating to business affairs, the new treaty did not alter the sovereignty of Macau and Portuguese government of Macau remained unchanged.

Macau enjoyed a brief period of economic prosperity as the only neutral port in South China after the Japanese had occupied Guangzhou and Hong Kong.

The next month they demanded the installation of Japanese "advisors" under the threat of overt military occupation. The result was that a virtual Japanese protectorate was created over Macau.

American air raids on targets in Macau were also made on 25 February and 11 June However, Beijing was not ready to settle the treaty question, allowing the maintenance of "the status quo " until a more appropriate time.

Influenced by the Cultural Revolution in mainland China and by general dissatisfaction with Portuguese government, riots broke out in Macau in In the most serious, the so-called incident , 6 people were killed and more than people were injured.

In , Lisbon redefined Macau as a "Chinese territory under Portuguese administration" and granted it a large measure of administrative, financial, and economic autonomy.

Three years later, Portugal and China agreed to regard Macau as "a Chinese territory under [temporary] Portuguese administration".

The two signed the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration the next year, making Macau one of the special administrative regions of China.

The Chinese government assumed formal sovereignty over Macau on 20 December as a special administrative region SAR after over years of Portuguese colonial rule.

The economy since then has continued to prosper with the sustained growth of tourism from mainland China and the construction of new casinos.

The government in Macau is headed by the Chief Executive of Macau , who is appointed by the central government upon the recommendation of an election committee, whose three hundred members are nominated by corporate and community bodies.

The recommendation is made by an election within the committee. Fernando Chui is the current Chief Executive. The legislative organ of the territory is the Legislative Assembly , a member body comprising 14 directly elected members, 12 indirectly elected members representing functional constituencies and seven members appointed by the chief executive.

In February , the Legislative Assembly passed the Macau national security law based on a withdrawn security legislation previously introduced in Hong Kong.

The original framework of the legal system, based largely on the Law of Portugal , the Portuguese civil law system, was preserved after Judges are selected by a committee and appointed by the chief executive.

Foreign judges may serve on the courts. The legal system of Macau is essentially based on the model of Portuguese law , and is thus part of the family of continental legal systems Roman-Germanic.

Following the transition, major reforms in the legal system continued, such as the use of Chinese language in courts and legislations.

At present, they are eleven and deal with matters not included in the autonomy of the Special Administrative Region, such as national defense and external relations.

The gambling sector, being a fundamental economic activity for Macau, is subject to a very developed regulation, thus having a good and developed right of the game.

There is no death penalty or life imprisonment in Macau, as they are not covered by the Macau Criminal Code.

Under Portuguese rule, Macau often served as an expeditionary base to Japan and other regions of East Asia from the 16th century onwards, while maintaining a strong garrison mainly to repel Dutch and mainland Chinese attacks.

However, since the allied British settled Hong Kong, the need for a strong military presence in Macau dimmed and it became limited before ceasing in However, despite having no Portuguese garrison left on the territory, a small security force managed by the local PSP was kept, which proved useful with the escalating triad warfare tensions towards the last decades of Portuguese administration.

Also the Capitania dos Portos kept operating a coast guard and the Portuguese airforce kept airfields active until the opening of Macau International Airport in the mids.

The garrison remains, with a large portion of the forces stationed in neighbouring Zhuhai as well. Except diplomatic relations and defence, nonetheless, Macau has retained considerable autonomy in all aspects, including economic and commercial relations, customs control.

In addition, Macau can participate in international organizations and conferences not limited to states. Macau is divided into 8 parishes. View of Taipa from Science Center.

Macau Peninsula was originally an island, but a connecting sandbar gradually turned into a narrow isthmus. Land reclamation in the 17th century transformed Macau into a peninsula with generally flat terrain, though numerous steep hills still mark the original land mass.

The average annual temperature of Macau is The coolest month is January, with a mean temperature of However, winter is mostly dry due to the influence of the vast Siberian High affecting much of East Asia.

Autumn in Macau, from October to November, is sunny and still pleasantly warm with lower humidity. Humidity starts to increase from late March.

The hot weather is often followed by heavy rain, thunderstorms and occasional typhoons. Other chief economic activities in Macau are export-geared textile and garment manufacturing, banking and other financial services.

Macau is a founding member of the WTO and has maintained sound economic and trade relations with more than countries and regions, with European Union and Portuguese-speaking countries in particular; Macau is also a member of the IMF.

After the Handover , China eased travel restrictions and visits from the mainland rose rapidly. In a World Tourism Organization report of international tourism for , Macau ranked 21st in the number of tourists and 24th in terms of tourism receipts.

The monopoly ended in and several casino owners from Las Vegas attempted to enter the market. Reasons for this fall of revenue are related to the slowdown that the Chinese economy is having and a corruption crackdown by Chinese officials which has constrained lavish spending.

Today, there are 16 casinos operated by the STDM, and they are still crucial in the casino industry in Macau, but in , the opening of the Sands Macao ushered in the new era.

The number of performances performed in Macau has also shown an increasing trend since the early s, including the show House of Dancing Water , [92] concerts, industry trade shows and international art crossovers.

Macau is an offshore financial centre , a tax haven , and a free port with no foreign exchange control regimes. As prescribed by the Macau Basic Law , the government follows the principle of keeping expenditure within the limits of revenues in drawing up its budget, and strives to achieve a fiscal balance , avoid deficits and keep the budget commensurate with the growth rate of its gross domestic product.

In , the pataca was introduced in both Macau and Portuguese Timor as a unit of account for the Mexican dollar and the other silver dollar coins in circulation.

However, the pataca was not the official currency when it was first enacted. From to , fractional coins of the pataca were minted for issue in Portuguese Timor; and, in , similar issues were minted for Macau including an actual pataca coin for the first time.

Macau is the most densely populated region in the world, [] with a population density of 21, The growth of population in Macau mainly relies on immigrants from mainland China and the influx of overseas workers since its birth rate is one of the lowest in the world.

By the Macau government was publishing English language documents, and beginning in the Macau Government Information Bureau GCS has been releasing several portions of its policy address in the English language.

Andrew Moody, an associate professor of the University of Macau , argued in his essay "Macau English: Since Macau has an economy driven by tourism, Some also claim that the problem of illegal labour is severe.

It is higher than those of neighbouring regions, such as mainland China 0. Macau residents are endowed with considerable religious tolerance and freedom.

Most Chinese in Macau are profoundly influenced by their own tradition and culture. While most are not religiously affiliated, many take part in Chinese folk religion Taoism and Confucianism.

A fifteen-year free education is currently being offered to residents, that includes a three-year kindergarten, followed by a six-year primary education and a six-year secondary education.

The literacy rate of the territory is Macau does not have its own region-wide education system; non-tertiary schools follow either the British, the Chinese, Portuguese, or the Canadian education system.

There are currently 10 tertiary educational institutions in the region, four of them being public. According to the by-census, among the resident population aged 14 and above, only As prescribed by the Macau Basic Law Chapter VI Article , the Government of Macau shall, on its own, formulate policies on education, including policies regarding the educational system and its administration, the language of instruction, the allocation of funds, the examination system, the recognition of educational qualifications, and the system of academic awards so as to promote educational development.

The government shall also in accordance with law, gradually institute a compulsory education system. Community organizations and individuals may, in accordance with law, run educational undertakings of various kinds.

Macau is served by one major public hospital, the Hospital Conde S. In addition to hospitals, Macau also has numerous health centres providing free basic medical care to residents.

Consultation in traditional Chinese medicine is also available. None of the Macau hospitals are independently assessed through international healthcare accreditation.

There are no western-style medical schools in Macau, and thus all aspiring physicians in Macau have to obtain their education and qualification elsewhere.

The Macau Corps of Firefighters Portuguese: The Macau Red Cross also operates ambulances Toyota HiAce vans for emergency and non-emergencies to local hospitals with volunteer staff.

The organization has a total of uniformed firefighters and paramedics serving from 7 stations in Macau. The Health Bureau in Macau is mainly responsible for coordinating the activities between the public and private organizations in the area of public health , and assure the health of citizens through specialized and primary health care services, as well as disease prevention and health promotion.

It also handles the organization of care and prevention of diseases affecting the population, sets guidelines for hospitals and private healthcare providers, and issues licences.

As of [update] Macau healthcare authorities send patients to Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong in instances where the local Macau hospitals are not equipped to deal with their scenarios, and many Macau residents intentionally seek healthcare in Hong Kong because they place more trust in Hong Kong doctors than in Mainland-trained doctors operating in Macau.

In Macau, traffic drives on the left , unlike in either mainland China or Portugal, but like neighbouring Hong Kong. Buses and taxis are the major modes of public transport in Macau.

Macau has two public bus operators: Transmac and Transportes Coletivos de Macau, which operate routes covering most of the city, making it the best public transport for traveling inside Macau and its islands.

Free Casino Shuttle Buses are everywhere in Macau. Due to tourism being the main economic industry in Macau a majority of the larger hotels provide free round trip shuttle bus services which cover the major tourist sites including the airport, Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, Taipa Temporary Ferry Terminal and other sites.

Some larger hotels such as Venetian Hotel and Holiday Inn even provide a free shuttle between them. The frequency for each route is usually 15 minutes.

The taxi system is noted for having a notoriously poor reputation among tourists and even locals. Common complaints include "constant overcharging, refusal of passengers when the destination or passenger type does not suit the driver, circuitous routes and even violent behaviour".

It is planned to open in Macau has one active international airport, known as Macau International Airport located at the eastern end of Taipa and neighbouring waters.

The airport used to serve as one of the main transit hubs for passengers travelling between mainland China and Taiwan , but now with the introduction of direct flights between those two regions, passenger traffic in this regard has lessened.

In , the airport handled about 5 million passengers. The mixing of the Chinese and Portuguese cultures and religious traditions for more than four centuries has left Macau with an inimitable collection of holidays, festivals and events.

The biggest event of the year is the Macau Grand Prix in November, [] when the main streets in Macau Peninsula are converted to a racetrack bearing similarities with the Monaco Grand Prix.

The Lunar Chinese New Year is the most important traditional festival and celebration normally takes place in late January or early February.

All events and festivities of the year end with Winter Solstice in December. Macau preserves many historical properties in the urban area.

Local cooking in Macau consists of a blend of Cantonese and Portuguese cuisines. Many unique dishes resulted from the spice blends that the wives of Portuguese sailors used in an attempt to replicate European dishes.

Pork chop bun , ginger milk and Portuguese-style egg tart are also very popular in Macau. In general, football soccer has the greatest popularity in Macau, which has a representative international side, the Macau national football team.

Another common sport is rink hockey , which is often practised by the Portuguese. Macau also has a basketball team , which qualified for the Asian Basketball Championship twice.

The automobile racing event Macau Grand Prix is arguably the most important international sporting event in Macau, mainly with Formula 3 , motorcycle road racing and touring car races.

The racecourse has a 15,seat grandstand. Macau is twinned with: Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Special Administrative Region of China. For other uses of "Macau" or "Macao", see Macau disambiguation.

Show map of China. Cantonese a Portuguese b. Traditional Chinese b Portuguese orthography English orthography de facto. Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings.

The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. Legal system of Macau. Foreign relations of Macau. View of the old city in Macau with tenement housing in the foreground.

Economy of Macau and Gambling in Macau. Sands Casino , Macau. Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge, Macau. Demographics of Macau and Macau people.

List of hospitals in Macau. Macau Security Force and Macao Garrison. Public Security Police Force of Macau. Corpo de Bombeiros de Macau. Commission Against Corruption Macau.

Clockwise from top right: Na Tcha Temple , Macau. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

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Macau portal China portal Asia portal Geography portal. Retrieved 15 September — via Google Books. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 1 January Statistics and Census Service.

Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 3 January Archived from the original on 12 September The New York Times. Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 30 July Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 3 May Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 12 March Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 8 September An examination of early Portuguese and Western archival materials.

Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 2 January Dictionary of dates, and universal reference. China was given to the Portuguese as a commercial station in in return for their assistance against pirates , subject to an annual tribute, which was remitted in Here Camoens composed part of the "Lusiad.

The Chinese were obliged to restrict the commerce of Portugal to the port of Macau, in A partnership was then formed with some Chinese dealers in Canton, who were to furnish exports and take delivery of imports at Macau.

This scheme did not suit the Chinese; they were dissatisfied with their partners, and speedily dissolved the connection. The Survival of Empire: Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas.

The Portuguese population of Macau was never very large. Macau History and Society illustrated ed. Hong Kong University Press. This is a time when there were most African slaves, about As well as being an important trading post, Macau was a center of activity for Catholic missionaries, as it was seen as a gateway for the conversion of the vast populations of China and Japan.

Jesuits had first arrived in the s and were followed by Dominicans in the s. Both orders soon set about constructing churches and schools, the most notable of which were the Jesuit Cathedral of Saint Paul and the St.

Later named the sakoku period, this meant that no Japanese were allowed to leave the country or return if they were living abroad , and no foreign ship was allowed to dock in a Japanese port.

An exception was made for the Protestant Dutch, who were allowed to continue to trade with Japan from the confines of a small man-made island in Nagasaki, Deshima.

The crisis was compounded two years later by the loss of Malacca to the Dutch in , damaging the link with Goa. The news that the Portuguese House of Braganza had regained control of the Crown from the Spanish Habsburgs took two years to reach Macau, arriving in In return, the King rewarded Macau with the addition of the words "There is none more Loyal" to its existing title.

In , the privileged position of the Portuguese in trade with China ended, following a decision by the emperor of China to allow trade with all foreign countries.

British trading dominance in the s was unsuccessfully challenged by a combined French and Spanish naval squadron at the Macau Incident of 27 January The Templo de Kun Iam was the site where, on 3 July , the treaty of Wangxia named after the village of Mong Ha where the temple was located was signed by representatives of the United States and China.

This marked the official beginning of Sino-US relations. In , there was a revolt of the boatmen that was put down. Ferreira do Amaral during the so-called Baishaling Incident.

Portugal gained control of the island of Wanzai Lapa by the Portuguese and now as Wanzaizhen , to the northwest of Macau and which now is under the jurisdiction of Zhuhai Xiangzhou District , in but relinquished it in Control over Taipa and Coloane , two islands south of Macau, was obtained between and Macau and East Timor were again combined as an overseas province of Portugal under control of Goa in Taipa and Coloane were also ceded to Portugal, but the border with the mainland was not delimited.

In , the Hospital Kiang Wu was founded as a traditional Chinese medical hospital. It was in that doctor Sun Yat-sen brought Western medicine services to the hospital.

From to about the early s, Macau was the infamous transit port of a trade of coolies or slave labourers from southern China. Most of them were kidnapped from the Guangdong province and were shipped off in packed vessels to Cuba , Peru, or other South American ports to work on plantations or in mines.

Many died on the way there due to malnutrition, disease, or other mistreatment. The Dea del Mar which had set sail to Callao from Macau in with Chinese on board, arrived in Tahiti with only of them still alive.

Macau became a refugee center during WWII causing its population to climb from about thousand to about thousand people within a few years.

Unlike in the case of Portuguese Timor , which was occupied by the Japanese in along with Dutch Timor, the Japanese respected Portuguese neutrality in Macau, but only up to a point.

The next month they demanded the installation of Japanese "advisors" under the alternative of military occupation. The result was that a virtual Japanese protectorate was created over Macau.

Japanese domination ended in August When it was discovered that neutral Macau was planning to sell aviation fuel to Japan, aircraft from the USS Enterprise bombed and strafed the hangar of the Naval Aviation Centre on 16 January to destroy the fuel.

American air raids on targets in Macau were also made on 25 February and 11 June When the Chinese communists came to power in , they declared the Protocol of Lisbon to be invalid as an " unequal treaty " imposed by foreigners on China.

However, Beijing was not ready to settle the treaty question, leaving the maintenance of "the status quo" until a more appropriate time.

Beijing took a similar position on treaties relating to the Hong Kong territories of the United Kingdom. In , the Salazar regime declared Macau, as well as other Portuguese colonies, an " Overseas Province " of Portugal.

In , the Macau Grand Prix was established, first as a treasure hunt throughout the city, and in later years as a formal car racing event.

Riots broke out in during communist Cultural Revolution, when local Chinese and the Macau authority clashed, the most serious one being the so-called incident.

This was sparked by the overreaction of some Portuguese officials to what was a regular minor dispute concerning building permits. The riots caused 8 deaths and the end was a total climbdown by the Portuguese Government.

The latter committed the Government to compensate local Chinese community leaders with as much as 2 million Macau Patacas and to prohibit all Kuomintang activities in Macau.

This move ended the conflict, and relations between the government and the leftist organisations remained largely peaceful. This success in Macau encouraged leftists in Hong Kong to "do the same", leading to riots by leftists in Hong Kong in A Portuguese proposal to return the province to China was declined by China.

Also in , the Church of our Lady of Sorrows on Coloane opened up. In , following the anti-colonialist Carnation Revolution , Portugal relinquished all claims over Macau and proposed to return Macau back to Chinese sovereignty.

In , the Bridge of Friendship was completed, the second bridge connecting Macau and Taipa. In November , the Macau International Airport was inaugurated.

In , the Macau Stadium was completed in Taipa. Melo Egidio became the first governor of Macau to pay an official visit to Beijing. The two sides exchanged instruments of ratification on 15 January and the Joint Declaration entered into force.

During the transitional period between the date of the entry into force of the Joint Declaration and 19 December the Portuguese government was responsible for the administration of Macau.

Thus the history of European colonisation of Asia ended. As one of the measures to develop the gambling industry, the Cotai strip was completed after the handover to China with construction of the hotel and casino industry starting in In , the first of many resorts opened, The Venetian Macao.

Also in , Macau government started a wave of social housing construction lasting until at least , constructing over apartment units in the process.

Similar to other economies in the world, the financial crisis of —08 hit Macau leading to a stall in construction of major construction works Sands Cotai Central [30] and a spike in unemployment.

With residential and development space being sparse, Macau government officially announced on 27 June that the University of Macau will build its new campus on Hengqin island, in a stretch directly facing the Cotai area, south of the current border post.

Along with this development, several other residential and business development projects on Hengqin are in the planning. In to further major construction on several planned mega-resorts on the Cotai Strip commenced.

Starting in June , gambling revenues declined for the second half of the year on a month-to-month basis compared with causing the Macau Daily Times to announce that the "Decade of gambling expansion end[ed]".

This lead the Macau government to attempt to reconstruct the economy, to depend less on gambling revenues and focus on building world-class non-gambling tourism and leisure centers, as well as developing itself as a platform for economic and trade cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking countries.

Typhoon Hato hit southern China in August causing widespread damage to Macau, never before experienced — major flooding and property damages, with citywide power and water outage lasting for at least 24 hours after the passage of the storm.

Overall, 10 deaths and at least injuries were reported. This caused widespread anger against the Macau government, accused of being unprepared for the typhoon as were as the delay of raising the no.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of China Macau Portal. Macau people Macanese people. Music and performing arts. Music Films Cantonese opera.

Flag Coat of arms. Europeans in Medieval China. Transfer of sovereignty over Macau. Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 24 May Dictionary of dates, and universal reference.

Retrieved 4 November China was given to the Portuguese as a commercial station in in return for their assistance against pirates , subject to an annual tribute, which was remitted in Here Camoens composed part of the " Lusiad.

Fidalgos in the Far East, — Retrieved 1 March Some of these wants and strays found themselves in queer company and places in the course of their enforced sojourn in the Portuguese colonial empire.

Singing of the source: University of Hawaii Press. Wu Li, like Bocarro, noted the presence in Macao both of black slaves and of non-Han Chinese such as the Tanka boat people, and in the third poem of his sequence he combines references to these two groups: Yellow sand, whitewashed houses: The second half of the poem unfolds a scene of Tanka boat people bringing in fish to supply the needs of fasting Christians.

The residents Wu Li strives to reassure in the third line of this poem consisted — at least in when Antonio Bocarro, Chronicler-in-Chief of the State of India, wrote his detailed account of Macao without actually having visited there — of some Portuguese families with "on the average about six slaves capable of bearing arms, amongst whom the majority and the best are negroes and such like," as well as a like number of "native families, including Chinese Christians Macau, the Imaginary City: Culture and Society, to the Present.

Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved January 19,

Und Macao wäre eines der reichsten Länder der Welt, wenn es nicht wirtschaftlich China angegliedert wäre. Januar bereits wieder hergestellt zu werden. Gezahlt wird nicht mit Renminbi, wie in China, sondern mit Pataca. Also verlasse ich mich auf mein Gefühl. Andernorts ist dies verboten und das zieht natürlich viele Touristen und vor allem die Spieler an. In anderen Projekten Commons. Macau ist reich an Sehenswürdigkeiten aus der Kolonialzeit. Das Mandarin-Haus an sich haut mich jetzt nicht so vom Hocker. Ich finde es viel spannender, die Ruine von hinten zu fotografieren. Am liebsten bin ich in Südostasien unterwegs und arbeite von den verschiedensten Orten online. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Erste Eindrücke aus Hong Kong.

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